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:: Volume 25, Issue 25 (2021) ::
2021, 25(25): 38-48 Back to browse issues page
Investigation the effects of two long-term and short-term high-intensity interval training on some inflammatory and immune indices in overweight adolescent boys
Ziba Saleh fard, Behnam Bagherzadeh Rahmani, Neda Shafiee, Tohid Khanvari, Negin Kordi *
Razi university
Abstract:   (448 Views)
Introduction and purpose: Obesity and metabolic syndrome are associated with mild and chronic inflammation. The purpose of this study is to ivestigate the effect of two long-term and short-term high-intensity interval training on inflammatory indicators such as TNF-α  IL-1β, SFRP5, CTRP12, and also on the number of lymphocytes, monocytes, and neutrophils in overweight adolescent boys.
Materials and Methods: In a quasi-experimental study, 30 Overweight boys (18-13 years old, mean height 154.33 cm, mean body mass index 27.05 kg/m2) were randomly divided into 3 groups of 10 people including short-term (9 sessions of 30-second training with 150-second rest), long-term (4 sessions of 150-second training with 240-second rest), and control group. The training groups performed high-intensity running sprints 3 times per week for 8 weeks. Data were analyzed using two-way repeated-measures ANOVA (3 groups×2 measurement times) and Bonferroni test.
Results: After eight weeks of long-term and short-term high-intensity interval training, the serum levels of TNF-α (P=0.001) and IL-1β (P=0.001) in the training groups decreased significantly compared to the control group. Also, the serum levels of SFRP5 (P=0.041) and CTRP12 (P=0.001) increased significantly in the training groups compared to the control group. However, a non-significant increase in the number of lymphocytes (P=0.064), monocytes (P=0.450) and neutrophils (P=0.190) in the exercise groups compared to the control group was observed after the implementation of long-term and short-term interval training.
Discussion and Conclusion: According to the result of the this study, eight weeks of high-intensity interval training in the short-term and long-term reduces the levels of some pro-inflammatory factors and increases the levels of some anti-inflammatory factors, but has no effect on the function of the immune system.
Keywords: obesity, HIIT training, inflammatory indicators, immune indicators
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Type of Study: Research |
Received: 2022/08/12 | Accepted: 2022/08/31 | Published: 2022/09/11
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Saleh fard Z, Bagherzadeh Rahmani B, Shafiee N, Khanvari T, Kordi N. Investigation the effects of two long-term and short-term high-intensity interval training on some inflammatory and immune indices in overweight adolescent boys. Journal of Sport and Biomotor Sciences 2021; 25 (25) :38-48
URL: http://journals.hsu.ac.ir/sbs/article-1-1011-en.html


 
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