Volume 11, Issue 42 (Volume 11; Number 42; Winter 2020)                   2020, 11(42): 23-42 | Back to browse issues page

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Karimzadeh H, rahimzadeh N, shokati Z. Spatial and Temporal Analysis of Access to Educational and Health Services in Rural Areas Case Study: Central Part of Tabriz County. Arid Regions Geographic Studies. 2020; 11 (42) :23-42
URL: http://journals.hsu.ac.ir/jarhs/article-1-1520-en.html
Tabriz University , karimzadeh10@gmail.com
Abstract:   (1265 Views)
Problem definition: More than 20 million people now lives in the country, most of them do not have access to minimum health and education services to meet their needs. Even in places where such services exist, the level of service provision is so low that it cannot be said that their access needs are met. At the level of villages in Tabriz, lack of access to educational and health services has caused people problems and, while prolonging travel and increasing their time, has increased the cost of individuals.
Purpose: This research is designed to answer this question, using descriptive-analytical methods, based on secondary data analysis. Required information was extracted based on library studies and statistical publications of the Statistical Center of Iran, then statistical analysis has been performed.
Methodology: that based on this, after creating a spatial database of therapeutic and educational spaces in ArcGIS software and using estimation models Access, status of access indicators of rural districts in Central Part of Tabriz County was determined for each service. Then the Lorenz curve was used to show the distribution of services in the villages.
Innovation: The innovation of this paper is in the spatial analysis of access to services in the villages and the computation time of their travel time. so far, this study has been done mostly in cities and there is no research in the villages of Iran.
Results: The result of this analysis is the lack of consistency between the distribution of population and the distribution of educational and health services. In other words, the central and large villages have better access to the periphery, but because of lack of adequate services, they have poor coverage.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: توسعه روستايي
Received: 24/Oct/19 | Accepted: 17/Nov/21 | Published: 20/Nov/21

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